In December 2016, then incoming Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin pronounced that the Trump Administration's No. 1 priority would be tax reform—boldly stating it would be the “largest tax change since Reagan.” However, with that change could come significant adjustments to the mortgage interest deduction, something that stirs mixed emotions across the country.
In a working paper series, the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) found that the mortgage deduction had a no effect on homeownership—even in the long run, but rather had sizable impact on housing demand, causing buyers to purchase larger and more expensive homes. The largest effect was on household financial decisions, including increased debt.
In an interview with CNBC, Doug Yearley, CEO of Toll Brothers, a fortune 500 homebuilder, said the change would discourage homeownership as a whole and, while talk in Washington, D.C., has been about modifying the deduction for the last 10 years, he doesn’t see it gaining any traction. However, Ten-X EVP Rick Sharga told MReport that he believes the change could happen—likely only to the $1 million cap.
“Based on what we’ve heard so far from the Trump Administration and Capitol Hill, it seems likely that the mortgage interest tax deduction will stay intact; but proposed tax reforms which raise the personal tax deduction to $25,000 for joint filers may discourage taxpayers from itemizing their taxes and taking advantage of the mortgage deduction,” Sharga said.
This could actually have a greater impact on the housing market than modifying the mortgage deduction by lowering the cap. Sharga said, “Consumers who are weighing the pros and cons of homeownership will no longer have the financial incentive to buy a home.”
To see the full NBER working paper series, click here.