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Forbearance Exits Jump to Quickest Pace Since March

The latest Forbearance and Call Volume Survey from the Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) has revealed that the total number of loans now in forbearance decreased by 15 basis points from 3.23% of servicers' portfolio volume in the prior week to 3.08% as of September 5, 2021. The MBA estimates that approximately 1.5 million homeowners remain in forbearance plans.

"The share of loans in forbearance decreased by 15 basis points last week, as forbearance exits jumped to their fastest pace since March. The fast pace of exits outweighed the slight increase in new forbearance requests and re-entries," said Mike Fratantoni, MBA's SVP and Chief Economist. "Servicer call volume jumped last week, as summer came to an end and many borrowers reached the end of their forbearance terms. We anticipate a similarly fast pace of exits in the weeks ahead, which should lead to increased call volume and a further decline in the forbearance share."

By loan type, the share of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (GSE) loans in forbearance decreased 11 basis points from 1.63% to 1.52%. Ginnie Mae loans in forbearance decreased 24 basis points from 3.63% to 3.39%, while the forbearance share for portfolio loans and private-label securities (PLS) decreased 25 basis points from 7.52% to 7.27%. The percentage of loans in forbearance for independent mortgage bank (IMB) servicers decreased 16 basis point to 3.33%, and the percentage of loans in forbearance for depository servicers decreased 18 basis points to 3.15%.

The number of Americans exiting forbearance plans should continue to rise, as last week, the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) reported more returning to the workforce. For the week ending September 4, the advance figure for seasonally adjusted initial unemployment claims from the DOL was 310,000, a decrease of 35,000 from the previous week's revised level, marking the lowest level for initial claims since March 14, 2020 when it was 256,000.

Servicers reported a rise in call volume relative to the prior week, from 5.8% to 7.7%, with the average call length increased slightly from 8.1 minutes to 8.2 minutes.

Of the cumulative forbearance exits for the period from June 1, 2020, through September 5, 2021, at the time of forbearance exit:

  • 28.3% resulted in a loan deferral/partial claim.
  • 22.2% represented borrowers who continued to make their monthly payments during their forbearance period.
  • 16.3% represented borrowers who did not make all of their monthly payments and exited forbearance without a loss mitigation plan in place yet.
  • 12.8% resulted in reinstatements, in which past-due amounts are paid back when exiting forbearance.
  • 11.5% resulted in a loan modification or trial loan modification.
  • 7.4% resulted in loans paid off through either a refinance or by selling the home.
  • The remaining 1.4% resulted in repayment plans, short sales, deed-in-lieus or other reasons.

About Author: Eric C. Peck

Eric C. Peck has 20-plus years’ experience covering the mortgage industry, he most recently served as Editor-in-Chief for The Mortgage Press and National Mortgage Professional Magazine. Peck graduated from the New York Institute of Technology where he received his B.A. in Communication Arts/Media. After graduating, he began his professional career with Videography Magazine before landing in the mortgage space. Peck has edited three published books and has served as Copy Editor for Entrepreneur.com.
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