The Trump administration said it will use its quarantine authority to keep renters in their homes during the coronavirus pandemic as a way to prevent an eviction crisis that could worsen economic strains. Bloomberg first reported the news.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) plans to temporarily halt evictions of consumers earning no more than $99,000 a year "to prevent the virus from spreading, a senior administration official said Tuesday. The policy will take effect immediately," according to Bloomberg.
The move, according to the reporters, marks an "unprecedented use of executive authority," and might face legal challenges from landlords. Many property owners have said they are losing income from rental properties. (Some have already engaged in state-level lawsuits).
Senior administration officials told reporters from The Hill that it will be up to local courts to adjudicate eviction filings, but that the federal order should protect all tenants who qualify for the program should they face judicial proceedings.
But administration officials told Bloomberg they have the ability under a federal law that allows the CDC to order emergency measures when it determines that state and local governments haven’t taken sufficient steps to prevent the spread of a communicable disease.
A White House lawyer who also is not identified told Bloomberg that CDC Director has authority to "take measures he deems reasonably necessary to prevent the spread of communicable diseases."
“President Trump is committed to helping hardworking Americans stay in their homes and combating the spread of the coronavirus,” White House spokesman Brian Morgenstern said in a statement Tuesday afternoon. “Today’s announcement from his Administration means that people struggling to pay rent due to coronavirus will not have to worry about being evicted, and risk further spreading of or exposure to the disease due to economic hardship.”
“While an eviction moratorium is an essential step, it is a half-measure that extends a financial cliff for renters to fall off of when the moratorium expires and back rent is owed,” Diane Yentel, President of the National Low Income Housing Coalition (NLIHC), told The Hill. “This action delays but does not prevent evictions. Congress and the White House must get back to work on negotiations to enact a COVID-19 relief bill with at least $100 billion in emergency rental assistance.”
The Department of Housing and Urban Development announced recently it would extend an eviction and foreclosure ban from properties with mortgages backed by the FHA, and previous ban on foreclosures and evictions from homes with mortgages backed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac also has been extended through the end of 2020.