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Forbearance Volume Rises for First Time in 29 Months

The Mortgage Bankers Associations (MBA) reports that the total number of loans nationwide now in forbearance increased by just one basis point from 0.69% of mortgage servicers’ portfolio volume in the prior month, to 0.70% as of October 31, 2022. According to MBA’s latest estimate, there are approximately 350,000 U.S. homeowners now in forbearance plans.

By investor type, the share of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (GSE) loans in forbearance increased just one basis point from 0.30% to 0.31%, while Ginnie Mae loans in forbearance increased eight basis points from 1.33% to 1.41%, and the forbearance share for portfolio loans and private-label securities (PLS) declined 11 basis points, from 1.14% to 1.03%.

“The overall share of loans in forbearance increased slightly in October, but it was a mixed bag by investor type. The forbearance rate for Ginnie Mae, Fannie Mae, and Freddie Mac loans increased, and there was a decline in portfolio and PLS loans in forbearance,” said Marina Walsh, CMB, MBA’s VP of Industry Analysis. “Several factors were behind the first monthly increase in forbearances in 29 months, including the effects of Hurricane Ian in the Southeast, the diminishing number of loans bought out of Ginnie Mae pools and placed in portfolio, and the fact that new forbearance requests have closely matched forbearance exits for the past three months.”

According to CoreLogic, estimates of the damage and loss totals from Hurricane Ian found total flood and wind losses came in at between $41 billion and $70 billion. This estimate includes wind loss, re-evaluated insured and uninsured storm surge loss and newly calculated inland flood loss for residential and commercial properties. Hurricane Ian is the costliest Florida storm since Hurricane Andrew made landfall in 1992.

MBA’s Loan Monitoring Survey requests that servicers report all loans in forbearance regardless of the borrower’s stated reason–whether pandemic-related, due to a natural disaster, or another cause.

“The overall share of loans that were current last month decreased 15 basis points to 95.70%, with 44 states reporting declines (not delinquent or in foreclosure),” added Walsh. “Florida, which was hit the hardest by Hurricane Ian, experienced a 49-basis-point drop in the share of loans that were current–the biggest decline of all states.”

The share of loans that were current declined in 44 states compared to the previous month. Of these states, Florida posted the largest monthly decline, dropping 49 basis points to 95.35% in October from 95.84% the previous month.

By stage, 36.7% of total loans in forbearance were in the initial forbearance plan stage, while 50.9% were in a forbearance extension. The remaining 12.4% were forbearance re-entries, including re-entries with extensions.

Of the cumulative forbearance exits for the period from June 1, 2020, through October 31, 2022, at the time of forbearance exit:

  • 29.6% resulted in a loan deferral/partial claim.
  • 18.3% represented borrowers who continued to make their monthly payments during their forbearance period.
  • 17.3% represented borrowers who did not make all of their monthly payments and exited forbearance without a loss mitigation plan in place yet.
  • 16.0% resulted in a loan modification or trial loan modification.
  • 11.0% resulted in reinstatements, in which past-due amounts are paid back when exiting forbearance.
  • 6.6% resulted in loans paid off through either a refinance or by selling the home.
  • The remaining 1.2% resulted in repayment plans, short sales, deed-in-lieus or other reasons.

Regionally, the five states with the highest share of loans current as a percent of servicing portfolio included:

  • Washington
  • Idaho
  • Colorado
  • Utah
  • Oregon

The five states reporting the lowest share of loans that were current as a percent of servicing portfolio included:

  • Mississippi
  • Louisiana
  • New York
  • West Virginia
  • Indiana

About Author: Eric C. Peck

Eric C. Peck has 20-plus years’ experience covering the mortgage industry, he most recently served as Editor-in-Chief for The Mortgage Press and National Mortgage Professional Magazine. Peck graduated from the New York Institute of Technology where he received his B.A. in Communication Arts/Media. After graduating, he began his professional career with Videography Magazine before landing in the mortgage space. Peck has edited three published books and has served as Copy Editor for Entrepreneur.com.
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